The Shepherd’s Love - Lesson 15

The Law

Exodus 19 - 34


Exodus 23:20, 30, or 33:14 




Therefore the law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, that we may be justified by faith." (Gal. 3:24)

"For the whole law is fulfilled in one word, in the statement, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself."' (Gal. 5:14) "

Love does no wrong to a neighbor, love therefore is the fulfillment of the law." (Rom. 13:10)

   I.  Read Exodus 19.

A. What facts concerning Israel's journey do you learn in vs. 1-2?


B.      1. In vs. 4-6, God again gives deeper insights into the wonders of His covenant with His people. Describe the expression of God's personal love in v. 4.

2. State the condition and the beautiful promise, which is for us also. (vs. 5-6) (May you delight in knowing this promise personally, which takes us right into God's glorious eternity. See I Pet. 2:9 and Rev. 5:9-10)

C.     1. How did the people respond, according to v. 8?

2. (Challenge) This response indicates a certain ignorance of the nature of man, which God now will begin to teach them. Of what are they unaware? What one word describes their attitudes?

D. God wants His people to understand that certain conditions must be met in order for man to come into the presence of a Holy God. What must they do before they can meet Him? (vs. 10-11)


II.  Read Exodus 20.

A. Consider how the 10 commandments in Ex. 20:3-17 can be condensed into the 2 commandments of Mark 12:29-31. How would you divide the ten? Why?


B. How did the people respond to God, the law-giver? (vs. 18-19)


C. According to v. 20, what did God desire to produce in the people?

D. We see in vs. 3-4 and 23 that one command is especially emphasized. Why is this so very important? In what ways might you break this commandment? (Ask the Holy Spirit to search your heart and show you any idol in your life.)


E. Read Rom. 7:7-13 and Gal. 3:24-25. What is the purpose of the law?



Note: In chapters 21-23:19 God provides practical ordinances to show the people how to live together in peace, order, and justice. How wisely and lovingly He meets the needs of His people!

III. Read Ex. 23:20-2:7. In this section there are practical truths for Israel, and also great spiritual truths for your own life. Ask God to reveal His wonderful pattern for your life.

A. Paraphrase and personalize v. 20.

B. (Personal) It was crucial that the nations listed in vs. 2-3 be entirely destroyed, according to God's repeated commands. These exceedingly wicked nations, with their abhorrent sexual and idolatrous practices, would cor­rupt all of Israel if allowed to co-exist.  What in your own life is repre­sented by these nations?


C. What is God's promise to you and to Israel in v. 29-31?

D. State the warning seen in vs. 32-33.

E. Again, how do the people respond in v. 24:3?

IV. Read Ex. 24:12-18. Summarize what took place in these verses.


V. Read Ex. 32

A. While Moses was with God receiving the written law and the instructions for the tabernacle, what happened among the people? (Do you remember their good intentions?)


B. What were the consequences of their sin seen in vs. 19-28?


VI. Describe God's attributes (character) as you see Him in Ex. 34:1-15.





VII. How do these verses show you the faithfulness and love of our Lord who is a personal God?

A. 33:9-11


B. 33:12-14


C. 33:17-23


D. 40:34-38

SUGGESTED HYMN:  Jesus, Thy Boundless Love to Me

 Next: Lesson 16


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